Bulloch

[Title Missing]

The Semi-Weekly Journal
Atlanta, Ga.
September 30, 1901

{The first two lines of this article are missing} in May last, but in some was was laid aside, with a lot of other manuscript and was only discovered a few days ago.

It is a complete genealogical history of President Roosevelt's maternal ancestors, from the time the name made its first appearance in Scotland up to and including the life of the founder of the Georgia house of Bullochs. The record was prepared by a descendant of Archibald Bulloch, and is accurate in every detail. Besides being a new and valuable genealogical document it is of especial interest at this time, when the Georgia ancestors of the new president are being so much discussed.

The name Bulloch is from a Gallic word "Bealoch" meaning the outlet of a lake or glen, and the original way of spelling the name seems to have been Balloch, and a family, of, or near, Glasgow, where the Georgia progenitor came from, of Bulloch, traces its descent from Donald Balloch Mcdonald, a brother of Donald, lord of the isles. Donald, living near the outlet of the glen, called himself Balloch. The Bullochs of Georgia are not allied to any other family of Bullock or Bulloch in America, and they have always used the final "h" to the name. In the records of Glasgow is found in 1671 James Balloch, who married Christian Macgie, and in 1687, we find William Balloch married Jean Reid, and in 1690 James Bulloch and Margaret Leckie, and the name is found in the parish of Baldermoch at least 400 years back, so 'tis logical to deduce the descent of Bullochs of Georgia from the Bullochs of Sterlingshire and of Glasgow, Scotland, as James Bulloch, the progenitor of the family, went from Glasgow to South Carolina, and is found in that province as early as 1728.

James Bulloch, Esq., the ancestor of Bulloch of Georgia, was born in 1702 and died in Georgia, October 25, 1780, interred at Wormsloe, the family estate of the Noble Jones family, having married as his fourth wife, Mary, daughter of Hon. Noble Jones. In 1728, or about that time, James Bulloch is found in South Carolina, and in 1735 we find him justice of the peace in Colleton county South Carolina, then an important office. In 1741 "a special commission was granted under the state seal" to him as agent to the Creeks, and in 1754 he was a member of the South Carolina colonial assembly; October, 1767, he was a justice of Christ church parish in Georgia, and in 1775 a member of the provincial congress from the Sea Island district in company with others. This eminent man was the father of the Hon. Archibald Bulloch, president of Georgia in 1776-77. Hon. James Bulloch (*) married first about 1728-0 Jean, daughter of Rev. Archibald Stobo, the noted Scotch minister of South Carolina, and had:

Archibald Bulloch was born in Charleston about 1730, educated a lawyer and removed to Georgia, where he was on the 21st of April, 1772, elected speaker of the royal house of assembly, and in 1775 bestryman of Christ church parish.

On April 11, 1768, he, with others, were appointed from lower house on a committee to correspond with Benjamin Franklin, agent for Georgia in England; chosen president of the provincial congress of 1775; elected delegate to the continental congress 1775 and took his seat; also elected delegate to congress of 1776; commands detachment of troops sent to Great Tybee Island, 1776; elected president and commander in chief of Georgia April 15, 1776, and is desired to take upon himself the whole executive powers of government, and on February 5, 1777, signed the first constitution of Georgia. This illustrous statesman, patriot and warrior, has a county named in his honor and during the revolutionary war there was a galley or war vessel, the Bulloch, and Fort Bulloch, all in Georgia. His name is affixed to the document signed by the delegates to the congress of November 9, 1775, in which everyone pledged himself not to divulge the proceedings of the congress and was probably the first declaration of independence, or the paving of the way for it, and it is quite likely that Georgia would have remained under the crown had it not been for the firmness and patriotism of Archibald Bulloch, "when on him and on him alone all parties of liberty men were united," and yet no monument has been erected to this eminent Georgian, the first president of the state under a free government. Hear what the historian has to say of him:

"While the president, finding it sometimes impossible to collect the council of safety, was desired, by a resolution of the council, passed on the 22d of February, 1777, 'to take upon himself the whole executive powers of government calling to his assistance not less than five persons of his own choosing, to consult and advise with on every urgent occasion, when a sufficent number of councillors cannot be convened to make a board." This was giving to the president extraordinary powers, but the council knew the prudence and reliability of the man to whom they intrusted them, and hence confided fully in his wisdom and patriotism. Mr. Bulloch did not long hold these dictator like powers, for before the close of the month he died and Button Gwinnett was elected to succeed him.

Mr. Bulloch seemed to be just the man for the critical time in which he lived and for the responsible station which he held. He was one of the foremost to assert and maintain the liberties of his country, even before the rupture with Great Britain, and when the friends of American rights in Georgia were few and fearful. When Bryan had been ejected from the governor's council and Wylly from the clerkship and Jones from the speaker's chair for their freedom of thought and speech, when it was hazardous to come in collision with the royal power and provoke the wrath of a king's governor, when it was almost treason to talk the honest sentiments of a freeman, Archibald Bulloch and three others came out over their own signatures, with a call for a meeting of those opposed to the tax acts of England and anxious for a redress of their grievances.

His death was a heavy loss to Georgia at a moment when it could hardly be borne, for all parties of liberty men were united on him and on him alone, and when he was called hence by the fiat of God divisions and discord rent the rank of the Americans, and it was not until blood had flowed and years of animosity passed that harmony again pervaded our councils. Had not Mr. Bulloch been so deeply engaged in provinicial affairs as to prevent his attendance at Philadelphia in the congress of 1776 to which he was elected, his name would have gone down to posterity as one of the signers of the declaration of independence. If he failed, however, of securing this distinction, he gained the honor of being the first Republican (free) governor of Georgia - the people's first choice to their highest office - one who sacrificed his private views for the public good, and who died in the very harness of executive authority, revered and cherished by his native province.

His modesty of character was happily displayed when General Lachlan McIntosh had the customary sentinel placed before his door, to which he objected, saying that he wished the sentinel removed, that he acted for a free people in whom he placed the greatest confidence and wished upon all occasions to avoid the appearance of ostentation. How few like him at the present day, Archibald Bulloch was the first man to read the declaration of independence in Georgia, member of the first secret congress of November 9, 1775 at Philadelphia, and held many positions of honor in Georgia; twice elected president of provincial congress, and then president and commander-in-chief of Georgia, 1776 and so styled in "proceedings of provincial congress unpublished, and in Georgia First society" and called president in history and first governor of Georgia. It was he who expelled the invader from the soil of Georgia, when as president he led a detachment of troops to Tybee island and amidst the fire of cannon and small arms from the enemy dislodged the first invaders of our soil. And now to sum the matter up, the evidence would appear that he alone was the leader without whom Georgia might not have gained her freedom, for though there were other great sons, "on him alone were all united" and President Adams even deplores his absence from the congress of 1776 in a letter to him. Archibald Bulloch, the statesman, warrior and patriot, was at that time the great Georgian of his day and time.

He married October 5, 1764, Mary, daughter of Col. James DeVaux and had: James Bulloch, Jr., who at a youthful age was captain in Virginia state garrison troops 1778-81 and who returned to Georgia and in 1790 was captain in state troops, clerk of superior and inferior courts in Georgia and honorary member of the Society of the Cincinnati. II. Hon. Archibald Stobo Bulloch, collector port, Savannah and one of justices of interior court. III. Jane married James B. Maxwell and IV. Hon. William Bellinger Bulloch, United States district attorney, solicitor general of Georgia, mayor of Savannah, United States senator, etc. "Captain James Bulloch married April 13, 178? and had:

Other names of this illustrious family were William H. Bulloch, member Georgia assembly, editor of Georgian and volunteer Florida Indian war, lieutenant, and Jefferson Bulloch lieutenant in southern volunteer guards, etc., and there are still others alive who keep up the name of the old family of Bullochs, of Georgia.

*James Bulloch married second Mrs. Ferguson, third Anne, widow of Hon. Patrick Graham, fourth Mary Jones.

File contributed for use by Linda Blum-Barton